Carlos the Jackal (born Ilich Ramírez Sánchez on October 12, 1949(1949-10-12)) is a Venezuelan convicted in France. After several bungled bombings, he achieved notoriety for a 1975 raid on the OPEC headquarters in Vienna, resulting in the deaths of three people. For many years he was among the most wanted international fugitives. He is now serving a life sentence in La Sante Prison in Paris for the murder of two French agents of the DST (counter-intelligence) and an alleged informant.
Ramírez Sánchez was given the nom de guerre Carlos, when he became a member of the leftist Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). Carlos was called The Jackal by The Guardian when Frederick Forsythe’s novel The Day of the Jackal was reportedly found among his belongings.
The biopic film, Carlos, released October 22, 2010, is directed by Olivier Assayas and starring Édgar Ramírez, Nora von Waldstätten, Christoph Bach.
See more of Steve Wilson’s work on the Levine/Leavitt site.